Compression Socks

Types of Vein Disorders

Tired, Aching Legs

Standing and sitting for long periods of time can cause your legs to ache and feel tired. Blood pools at the ankles and have a hard time returning.

8-15 mmHg Support Wear gradient compression stockings give a gentle squeeze at the ankles and up the legs to get your blood flowing back toward your heart. This helps relieve that tired, achy feeling in your legs.

Edema

  • Abnormal buildup of fluid in the ankles, feet, and legs.
  • Swelling
  • Build-up of fluid in the body's tissues, often occurring in the lower leg and ankle, is called swelling or edema. Painless swelling may be caused by some medications, injury, vein problems, heart problems or other reasons. Prolonged swelling should not be ignored, as it may be a sign of serious disease or chronic venous insufficiency.

Symptoms of edema

Enlarged ankles and calf (lower leg may appear puffy)Discomfort or tired legs Decreased mobility (leg may feel heavy)Decreased skin elasticity Mild swelling is often managed with 15-20 mmHg compression. Moderate and severe swelling may require higher compression. Please consult with your physician.

Venous Insufficiency

  • A condition in which the veins have problems sending blood from the legs back to the heart.
  • Leg pain and swelling
  • Discoloration of the lower leg – often causing brown patches
  • Venous ulcers and dermatitis

Varicose Veins

  • Swollen, twisted, and sometimes painful veins that have filled with an abnormal collection of blood.
  • Leg pain
  • Leg swelling
  • Leg ulcers

Lymphedema

Lymphedema is a build-up of lymph in the fatty tissues under the skin. This leads to swelling in the arms. Lymphedema Stockings are compression stockings that force the flow of lymphatic fluid and hence prevent build-up. Secondary lymphedema is seen in cancer patients where lymph nodes are taken out along with the tumor. It is estimated that about 30% of women undergoing breast cancer treatment will develop lymphedema. Lymphedema may develop immediately after surgery (short-term lymphedema) or even after many months (long-term).

Deep Vein Thrombosis

  • A blood clot that forms in a vein deep inside a part of the body. It mainly affects the large veins in the lower leg and thigh.
  • Swelling in leg, ankle or feet
  • Pain in leg, ankle or feet – it often starts in calf
  • Skin discoloration

When Good Valves Go Bad 

  • A series of one-way valves in veins aid the movement of blood up the leg to the heart.
  • Over time, valves can become damaged and allow blood to flow backward, flow in both directions, or pool in the veins. This could lead to swelling, varicose veins or more serious venous conditions.

Key Factors and Causes of Vein Disorders

  • Heredity
  • Obesity
  • Surgery
  • Pregnancies
  • Extended standing/sitting
  • Injury
  • Hormonal changes
  • Natural aging process
  • Therapy treatment

Poor circulation can cause conditions such as:

Varicose Vein

Cause of varicose veinsThe heart pumps blood down to the legs through the arteries. The deoxygenated blood needs to be pumped back from the legs to the heart through the veins. In a healthy individual, the calf muscles act as a pump for this determination. The veins have valves to ensure that the blood does not flow back down due to gravity. If these valves become weak, blood accumulates in the veins of the leg leading to varicose veins.

How do Varicose Vein Stockings help?

Varicose Vein Stockings provide controlled compression to the legs to squeeze the veins, thereby ensuring the normal back flow of blood towards the heart.

Varicose Vein Stockings put maximum pressure on the veins at the ankle level and gradually delivers less tension as it stretches over the knee and towards the thigh. The pressure profile that is 100% at the ankle, 70% of the calf and 40% at the thigh. As a consequence, blood is pulled along its natural course up the leg despite the harm to the veins (since a fluid flows from a higher pressure region to a lower pressure region).

Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)

DVT is caused by the formation of a blood clot in the deep venous system. This can occur following surgery or trauma to the legs, and causes stagnation of the blood flow in the leg. DVT is especially dangerous if the clot breaks away and travels to the lungs, leading to a potentially fatal pulmonary embolism. DVT can also form during long-haul flights, where the combination of cramped spaces, immobility, and air pressure differences increase DVT risk dramatically.

How do Travel Socks help avoid DVT?

Travel Socks are specially designed to provide a massaging action to the calf muscles. This stimulates blood flow back to the heart, even when your feet are stationary, thereby solving the problem of swollen ankles, tired and aching feet and DVT. The key to Travel Socks is “graduated pressure” where the shacks provide a high pressure at the ankle and low pressure at the calf. Travel Socks retains its pressure gradient over many months of use and after repeated washes. Travel Socks are also ideal for other types of travel including commuters who spend 2-3 hours daily in a bus, train or car.

Pulmonary Embolism

Pulmonary Embolism occurs when blood clots break loose from the leg and travel through the heart to the lung, partially or completely blocking a pulmonary artery or one of its branches.Anti-embolism stockings provide a mechanical pumping action and assist in forcing the blood through the veins. This reduces the possibility of clot formation.

Signs and symptoms of Pulmonary Embolism include:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Sweating
  • Sharp chest pain (especially during deep breathing)

Some patients may

  • Cough up blood
  • Develop dangerously low blood pressure
  • Anti-Embolism stockings provide the medically-proven benefits of graduated compression to offer effective support, as well as soft, durable materials for outstanding comfort and fit.

Who benefits from wearing compression?

Anyone's legs can feel better while wearing gradient compression stockings, especially those of us who spend too much time in sedentary sitting or standing positions.

Gradient compression stockings are of most benefit to individuals with the following leg complaints:

  • Tired, aching, heavy feeling legs
  • leg swellings veins
  • Venous insufficiency
  • Post-thrombotic syndrome
  • Healed venous ulcer
  • Active venous ulcers
  • Lymphedema

Individual should not wear compression?

Contraindications (medical conditions in which compression is not recommended):

Ischemia (e.g. advanced arterial 
disease) of the legs 
Uncontrolled congestive heart failure
Untreated septic phlebitis of the leg Phlegmasia cerulea dolens

The wearing of compression should also be used with caution in the presence of:

Skin infections 
Weeping dermatoses 
Incompatibility to fabric of garment 
Impaired sensitivity of the limb 
Immobility (confinement to bed) 

Please consult with your physician before wearing compression 20 mmHg and above.

Mild Compression

(8-15 mm/Hg): Provides energizing compression to help relieve mild symptoms of varicose veins, swelling, tired or achy legs.

Moderate Compression

(15-20 mm/Hg): Provides restoring compression to help relieve mild-moderate symptoms of varicose veins, swelling, tired or aching legs.

Firm Compression

(20-30 mm/Hg): Provides therapeutic compression to help relieve moderate-severe symptoms of chronic tired, aching legs, leg pain, varicosities, post-sclerotherapy, and edema.

Extra Firm Compression

30-40 mmHg Extra Firm Compression Indication Guide: Severe varicosities , Severe edema , Lymphatic edema , Chronic venous insufficiency , Orthostatic hypotension ,Postphlebetic syndrome , Management and preventing recurrence of venous ulcerations & Post surgical Fiber Content

Compression Therapy Guide

Your doctor or therapist just told you to buy compression stockings. Now what?

There are 4 main compression levels which are measured in millimeters of mercury (mmHg). The higher the numbers, the higher the compression.

8-15 mmHg* [Mild Compression] . 15-20 mmHg* [Moderate Compression]  20-30 mmHg* [Firm Compression] 30-40 mmHg* [Extra Firm Compression]
Provides relief and minimizes tired and achy legs For the prevention and relief of minor to moderate varicose and spider veins. Helps prevent and relieve moderate to severe varicose veins (also during pregnancy). Helps prevent and relieve severe varicose veins.
Helps relieve minor swelling of feet, ankles, and legs. During pregnancy, helps prevent varicose veins and spider veins. For post-surgical and post-sclerotherapy treatment to help prevent the reappearance of varicose and spider veins. Used in the treatment of severe edema and lymphedema.
During pregnancy, helps prevent the formation of varicose and spider veins. Helps prevent deep vein thrombosis (DVT), also known as economy class syndrome. Helps with the management of active ulcers and manifestations of post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS). Used in post-surgical and post-sclerotherapy treatment to help prevent the reappearance of varicose and spider veins.
Helps maintain healthy, energized legs. Used in post-sclerotherapy treatment to help prevent the reappearance of varicose veins and spider veins. Helps relieve superficial thrombophlebitis. Helps reduce symptoms of Orthostatic Hypotension and Postural Hypotension.
Prevents fatigued legs from long periods of sitting or standing. Ideal compression level used for those traveling long distances. Helps prevent orthostatic hypotension (sudden fall in blood pressure when standing). For the management of Venous Ulcers and manifestations of Post-Thrombotic Syndrome (PTS).
  Helps relieve tired, aching legs, and minor swelling of feet, ankles, and legs. Helps prevent deep vein thrombosis (DVT), also known as economy class syndrome. Prevents deep vein thrombosis (DVT), also known as economy class syndrome.
    Helps in treatment of moderate to severe edema or lymphatic edema.